Leonid Utesov: Biography, Creativity, ọrụ, Ndụ Onwe Onye

Leonid Utesov: Biography, Creativity, ọrụ, Ndụ Onwe Onye
Leonid Utesov: Biography, Creativity, ọrụ, Ndụ Onwe Onye

Video: Leonid Utesov: Biography, Creativity, ọrụ, Ndụ Onwe Onye

Video: Танго расставание 2022, September
Anonim

Àgwà Leonid Osipovich Utesov nwere ọtụtụ ọrụ. Ọ bụ ezigbo onye na-eme ihe nkiri, onye na-agụ egwú, onye nduzi, onye nhazi na onye akụkọ pụtara ìhè. Utesov ekedi ata uwak uwak. Ndị dị otu a na-abụkarị ndị ọsụ ụzọ ọhụụ ọhụụ na nka na sayensị, dịka Bach, Shostakovich na Ellington na egwu. Jazz na-emeghe mmetụta ọ bụla, ma ọ bụ akụkọ ifo, egwu agụmakwụkwọ, ma ọ bụ ọhụụ.

Leonid Utesov: biography, creativity, ọrụ, ndụ onwe onye
Leonid Utesov: biography, creativity, ọrụ, ndụ onwe onye

Nwatakịrị na ntorobịa

Leonid Utesov (ezigbo aha ya bụ Lazar Iosifovich Vaysbein) mụrụ na 1895 na Odessa n'ime ezinụlọ ndị Juu. Nna ya bụ obere onye ọchụnta ego nne ya bụkwa nwunye nwanyị. Nwa okorobịa Utesov malitere agụmakwụkwọ ya na ụlọ akwụkwọ azụmahịa na Odessa, mana ọ kwụsịrị ịga akwụkwọ wee bụrụ onye na-eme ihe nkiri. Mgbe ọ dị afọ 15, ọ sonyeere troupe nke Borodanovsky circus dị ka egwuregwu. Na 1911 ọ malitere ọrụ ya dị ka onye na-akpa ọchị na Kremenchug. Na 1912, ọ laghachiri Odessa ma họrọ aha maka onwe ya - Leonid Utesov. Na 1913 ọ sonyeere ndị otu Rosanov ma soro withlọ ihe nkiri Richelieu rụọ ọrụ. Site na njem site na obodo rue obodo, ma na-ekere òkè n'egwuregwu egwuregwu, site n'enyemaka nke nkà ya, Utesov ghọrọ ezigbo ọkachamara ngwa ngwa. Na 1917, Utyosov meriri n'asọmpi ịbụ abụ na Gomel, wee mebe ọgbakọ nke mbụ ya maka ịgagharị na Moscow. N'ebe ahụ, ọ na-eme egwuregwu mgbe niile na mitlọ ihe nkiri nke Hermitage ma guzosie ike dị ka onye na-agụ egwú na-ewu ewu na Moscow.

Na 1919, Utyosov mere ihe nkiri izizi ya na ihe nkiri a na-akpọ “Lieutenant Schmidt the Fighter for Freedom.” Na 1923, Leonid Osich na ezi na ụlọ ya kwagara Petrograd.

Utesov na jazz

N'ọgwụgwụ 1920s, Utesov nụrụ egwu Jack Hilton na Ted Lewis, nke tụrụ ya n'anya site na nhazi ya dị iche iche wee bụrụ ịhụnanya maka ndụ ya. Ugbu a Utesov enweghị ike iche echiche ndụ ya na-enweghị jazz. Na ngwụcha 1928, Utyosov bidoro mejupụta nrọ ya. Ọnwa ole na ole ka nke ahụ gasịrị, ọ kpọkọtara ndị egwu nwere ọgụgụ isi, bụ ndị o dekọtara ihe omume mbụ ya. Na March 8, 1929, otu ohuru jazz bidoro nke mbụ na Leningrad Small Opera House. Ọganiihu nke egwu a karịrị akarị.

Mmemme na-esote nke ndị otu egwu "Jazz na Bend" gụnyere abụ olu ụtọ nke onye na-ede abụ a ma ama Dunaevsky kere maka ndị ọrụ Utesov. Ndị a bụ ọdịiche jazz nke egwu oge gboo na rhapsodies anọ. Leonid Osipovich na ndị otu jazz ya maara nke ọma ọtụtụ ụdị egwu ndị ama ama ma jikọta mmụọ na ụda nke jazz America na Argentine tango, yana oke egwu nke abụ olu French na ọkaibe nke egwu Italiantali. N'oge a, Leonid Utesov na ndị otu jazz ya nwetara nnukwu ewu ewu ma bụrụ ndị ọrụ nka kacha chọọ na Leningrad na Moscow.

Mana oge dị mkpa nke gbanwere ụkpụrụ ụkpụrụ nke Utyosov na abụ bụ ihe e kere eke nke ụlọ ọrụ redio "ndị otu nwere obi ụtọ", ebe maka oge mbụ ọrụ ndị a ma ama dị ka Isaac Dunaevsky dị ka "Obi" na "Machị nke ndị ibe nwere obi ụtọ. ihe nkiri "Obi Chetọ Obi "tọ" (1934, onye nduzi Grigory Alexandrov), nke Leonid Utyosov na-arụ ọrụ bụ isi na ndị otu ya, nwere nnukwu ihe ịga nke ọma. N'oge a nwa nwanyị Leonid Utesov Edith Utesova sonyeere ya, onye ghọrọ olu nwanyị. Ọ malitere iso otu egwu ahụ na 1934. Akwụkwọ akụkọ ya gụnyere: lyric "Mystery", "Portrait", "Ray of Hope" na "Good Night", onye hụrụ mba n'anya "Cossack Song" na "March nke Red Fleet", “Marquis” na-abụkarị abụ na ọtụtụ abụ ndị ọzọ n'egwú egwú Utesov.

N'oge na-adịghị anya, ha ghọrọ ìgwè ndị egwú Jazz kachasị ewu ewu na mba ahụ.Usoro nke otu a toro ngwa ngwa ma bia rue oge kachasi elu, nhazi a siri ike ma buru uzo.

N’oge a na-alụ Agha Worldwa nke Abụọ, ìgwè ndị egwú ahụ nọgidere na-eme ihe nkiri site n’ihu agha. Utesov na ndi otu egwu jazz ya n’iru n’ihu, egwu ya bu ndi nzuzu jiri obi uto ndi mmadu. Ndị na-egwu egwu nyere onyinye sitere na ụgwọ ọrụ ha maka iwu ụgbọ elu iji lụso ndị Nazi ọgụ. N'ime usoro ihe omume ohuru "Tie onye iro ahụ!" gụnyere ọtụtụ abụ ọhụrụ ndị ndị na-eto eto dere bụ Nikita Bogoslovsky, Arkady Ostrovsky na Mark Fradkin dere.

Na ngwụsị 1940s na mmalite 50s, a kpagburu ọtụtụ ndị okike na Soviet Union. Ọnọdụ a agbanahụghị Utesov, mmachibido iwu na mgbochi ya ikwu okwu n'ihu ọha. Mmachibido iwu ahụ ruo 1956, mgbe "Khrushchev thaw" malitere.

N’afọ ndị 50s, 60s na 70s, Utyosov rụrụ ọtụtụ narị egwu n’afọ niile na Soviet Union na mba ofesi. Egbula egwu niile. Akụkụ nke ndị mmadụ niile hụrụ ọrụ ha n'anya, site na ndị ọrụ siri ike na ndị na-arụ ọrụ pati. Jatù egwú ya jazz ghọrọ ụlọ akwụkwọ maka ọtụtụ ndị ntorobịa na-eto eto bụ ndị gụrụ akwụkwọ n'okpuru Leonid Osipovich wee bụrụ ndị ama ama na azụmaahịa ngosi Soviet.

Na 1965, Utesov natara aha ndi mmadu nke ndi USSR.

Leonid Utesov nwụrụ na Machị 9, 1982 wee lie ya na Novodevichy na-eli ozu na Moscow.

Isiokwu a ma ama site na isiokwu