Ebe A Na-egwu Bratsk Hydroelectric Power: Otu O Si Malite

Ebe A Na-egwu Bratsk Hydroelectric Power: Otu O Si Malite
Ebe A Na-egwu Bratsk Hydroelectric Power: Otu O Si Malite

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Onye nrụpụta ọkụ eletrik kachasị na Russia, Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station, dị na obodo Bratsk, Irkutsk Region. Akụkụ bụ isi nke Irkutskenergo. Na 2010, ụlọ ọrụ ike ọkụ Bratsk mepụtara puku ijeri kWh, nke bụ ndekọ zuru oke na mpaghara Eurasia.

Ebe a na-egwu Bratsk hydroelectric power: otu o si malite
Ebe a na-egwu Bratsk hydroelectric power: otu o si malite

Mmalite nke ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri hydroelectric

N’oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ nke 1954, e kpebiri iwu ụlọ ọrụ ọkụ eletrik na Siberia, n’obodo Bratsk. Kama, na 50s. ndokwa a enweghị ọnọdụ obodo, ọ bụ nhazi. N'oge na-adịghị anya, tupu afọ ọhụrụ 1955, ọrụ amalitelarị ebe ahụ na iwu nke nnukwu ụlọ dị egwu, nke kwesịrị iwepụta ume n'ihi ike nke mmiri.

E debere iwu ihe owuwu dị mkpa n'okpuru nlekọta nke Nizhneangargesstroy, aha ya bụ Bratskgesstroy. Ekwesịrị ikwu na n'otu oge na-ewu ụlọ ọrụ ike hydroelectric, iwu nke nnukwu osisi na-amalite. Nke a mere ka obodo Bratsk nweta ọnọdụ nke obodo nke ịnọ n'okpuru mpaghara.

Dị ka o kwesịrị ịdị, iwu ụlọ ọrụ dị mkpa nke steeti enweghị ike ịnweta nzaghachi sara mbara. Ndị ntorobịa Soviet nwere obi ụtọ na ịnụ ọkụ n'obi gara ebe a na-ewu isi nke mba ahụ, iwu nke ụlọ ọrụ ike mmiri Bratsk natara nkọwa nke "iwu Komsomol". Ọtụtụ n'ime ha biri ebe ahụ mgbe ebidoro ụlọ ọrụ ọkụ eletrik na 1967. Receivedfọdụ nwetara onyinye pụrụ iche maka ọrụ agha.

Ọ bụ ihe na-akpali mmasị na na oge mbụ na 1957 ọ ga-ekwe omume igbochi akụkụ aka nri nke Angara. O were awa 8, ihe karịrị ndị na-egwu ihe 200 rụrụ ọrụ. Ihe omume nke ịdị ukwuu a ghọrọ nke mbụ na mpaghara ike ụwa.

Emechara arụ ọrụ kacha sie ike na nke kacha sie ike site na mbido afọ iri isii. Ọrụ ndị injinia ahụ bụ ịmepụta ọdọ mmiri. Ha diri ya nke ọma. N'oge okpomọkụ nke 1961, juputara na ọdọ mmiri ahụ malitere, n'oge na-adịghịkwa anya mmiri dị n'akụkụ mmiri ahụ rịrị elu site na mita 100. Nke a bụ ihe ịga nke ọma na-enweghị mgbagha. Omenala etolitela - Ndị lụrụ di na nwunye ọhụrụ sitere na nwanne ha nwanyị bịara dam a n’ụbọchị agbamakwụkwọ ha.

Site na igwe jenerato izizi rue igba egbe nke ebe ike hydroelectric

Onye hydrogenerator izizi nyere ụlọ ọrụ mmepụta ihe na Nọvemba 28, 1961 na 10.15, ụbọchị ise ka e mesịrị, ọ ga-ekwe omume inweta ugbu a site na igwe ọkụ nke abụọ. Ejiri igwe eletrik dị 18 rụọ ọrụ.

Mgbe emechara igwe na-ewepụta ngwa ọrụ ikpeazụ na 1966, arụchara ọrụ bụ isi na iwu ụlọ ọrụ Bratsk hydroelectric power. Okwesiri ikwu na site na mgbe ebuputara ikike nke ulo oru ike na 1966 na rue 1971, ulo oru ike Bratsk hydroelectric ka buru uzo kachasi ike nke uwa.

Taa onye isi nke ụlọ ọrụ a dị ike bụ Andrey Votenev. Kemgbe afọ 2006, mmemme imepụta ọgbara ọhụrụ na nnọchi nke ụfọdụ ihe akụrụla aka nke ọkụ eletrik na-arụ ọrụ amalitela.

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