Evgeni Samoilov: Biography, Creativity, ọrụ, Ndụ Onwe Onye

Evgeni Samoilov: Biography, Creativity, ọrụ, Ndụ Onwe Onye
Evgeni Samoilov: Biography, Creativity, ọrụ, Ndụ Onwe Onye

Video: Evgeni Samoilov: Biography, Creativity, ọrụ, Ndụ Onwe Onye

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Evgeny Samoilov bụ onye akụkọ amaala, onye aha ya ga-adịgide ruo mgbe ebighi ebi na akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Soviet na Russia. O nwere ihe ịga nke ọma karị n'eziokwu, ndị ziri ezi, ndị na-emeghe, ndị a ma ama, ndị ọ chọrọ ikwere na i imitateomi. N'ime ogologo ọrụ okike Samoilov rụrụ ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ fim iri ise ma gosipụta ọha na eze otu ọrụ ahụ.

Evgeni Samoilov: biography, creativity, ọrụ, ndụ onwe onye
Evgeni Samoilov: biography, creativity, ọrụ, ndụ onwe onye

Biography

Na Eprel 16, 1912 na St. Petersburg, a mụrụ Evgeny Valerianovich Samoilov n'ezinụlọ dị mfe nke na-arụ ọrụ. Nna ya rụrụ ọrụ na ụlọ ọrụ Putilov na ụlọ ahịa egbe, nne ya lekọtara ezinụlọ ya na ụlọ ya. Ndị Samoilov bi na ezigbo ụlọ nwere ọnụ ụlọ atọ na-adịghị anya na Yekateringof. Little Eugene nwere mmasị ịga ije n'ogige a, nwere mmasị na ọdịdị na ije nke oge Petrine.

Nna Samoilov bụ onye okike, ọ gụrụ ọtụtụ, gaa ụlọ ihe nkiri. Ọ ga-akwụ ụgwọ ụbọchị ọ bụla iji akwụ ụgwọ. Otu n'ime ọdịnala ezinụlọ bụ ịgụpụta akwụkwọ Pushkin, Gogol, Turgenev n'olu dara ụda. Evgeny Valerianovich na nna ya na-agakarị Alexandria aterlọ ihe nkiri nke Alexandria, ọ bụghị uche njem nke ndị nka ama ama.

N’ime akwụkwọ ụlọ akwụkwọ, Samoilov na-eto eto hụrụ naanị eserese na akwụkwọ. Ihe kacha sie ike nye ya bụ sayensị na asụsụ German. Evgeny ketara ikike nka ya site na nna ya na nna nne ya. Ọ rọrọ na ọ ga-atụgharị ịbanye na ọrụ nke ndụ ya, ọ mere atụmatụ ịbanye na Academy of Arts. Na oge ya n'efu, na mgbe ụfọdụ ọ na-ahapụ ụlọ akwụkwọ, Samoilov furu efu n'ụlọ nzukọ nke Russian Museum na Hermitage.

N’afọ 1928, otu enyi ụlọ akwụkwọ mere ka o kwenye ịga ụlọ akwụkwọ nyocha maka ụlọ akwụkwọ na-ahụ maka nka, nke onye nkiri ihe nkiri N.N.Khodotov haziri. N’ụzọ tụrụ ya n’anya, a nabatara Evgeny Valerianovich, mana a jụrụ enyi ya. Yabụ nwayọọ nwayọọ ihe nkiri na ime ihe nkiri dọọrọ uche Samoilov kpamkpam. Mgbe ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ, ọ gara ụlọ akwụkwọ na Leningrad Art Polytechnic.

Onye nduzi ama ama ama bụ Leonid Vivien hụrụ onye na-eme ihe nkiri na 1930 ka a kpọrọ ya na "Thelọ ihe nkiri ndị ntorobịa". Nke a bụ otú ọrụ Samoilov si malite n'ihe nkiri ahụ, na obere oge ka e mesịrị - na sinima.

Ihe okike

Evgeny Valerianovich ruru na Thelọ ihe nkiri nke Steeti aha ya bụ Meyerhold na Moscow site na ndị maara ya. Ndị nne na nna nwunye ya maara nwanne nwoke nke onye na-eme ihe nkiri ahụ, bụ Vsevolod Emilievich Meyerhold. Na 1938, emechiri ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ, na-ebo ndị isi ya ebubo maka ịmepụta "ọnọdụ mmegide."

N'oge ahụ, Samoilov emeworị ihe nkiri nkiri ya. A kpọrọ ya ka ọ kpọọ ndị isi na egwu egwu egwu "Nzuko ohere". Na ihe nkiri na-esote "Tom Sawyer" nke Frenkel duziri, onye na-eme ihe nkiri nwere ohere iji gosipụta onyonyo nke ihe odide abụọ n'otu oge - ụmụ ejima Robinson.

Samoilov lere anya dị ka ọrụ Nikolai Aleksandrovich Shchors na fim nke otu aha ahụ dị ka ihe ịrụ ụka adịghị ya na ọrụ okike ya. Ihe osise a raara nye dike Ukraine nke Agha Obodo bụ nke Alexander Petrovich Dovzhenko sere na arịrịọ onwe ya nke Stalin. Onye nduzi na-achọ onye na-eme ihe nkiri ogologo oge, ruo mgbe onye na-enyere ya aka Samara ntị na Samoilov, ebe ọ hụrụ onye na-eme ihe nkiri na mmegharị nke egwuregwu "Olee otú e si ewute ígwè ahụ". Onye na-eme ihe nkiri gara nyocha na Kiev, Dovzhenko kwadoro ya ozugbo.

Maka ọrụ nke Shchors, Samoilov aghaghị ịmụ asụsụ ndị Ukraine, ọkaibe ịgba ịnyịnya. Ha ga-arụ ọrụ ruo awa iri na abụọ, na nke ọ bụla, ha gbara ihe iri na abụọ, n'echeghị echiche banyere mmefu ego ma ọ bụ ego nke ihe nkiri ahụ. Maka ihe nkiri a, Yevgeny Samoilov natara Stalin Nrite na 1941.

Successga nke ọma na sinima emeghị ka onye na-eme ihe nkiri chefuo ebe nkiri ahụ. O mechara kwaga Moscow ma gbanwee ọtụtụ ihe nkiri:

  • Comedylọ ihe nkiri nke Moscow (1939-1940);
  • Moscow Mayakovsky aterlọ ihe nkiri (1940-1967);
  • Academlọ akwụkwọ agụmakwụkwọ Maly State (1968-2006).
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Agha ahụ agafeghị n'enweghị ihe ọ bụla maka onye na-ese ihe. Na Leningrad nọchibidoro, nne na nna ya nwụrụ n'ihi agụụ.A kpọpụrụ Samoilov, na-ese ihe nkiri na ihe nkiri ihe nkiri Tbilisi na Yerevan. Ọ natara Nhọrọ Stalin nke abụọ ya maka ọrụ nke Lieutenant Kudryashov na ihe nkiri Pyryev "Na elekere isii nke mgbede mgbe agha ahụ gasịrị." Onye na-eme ihe nkiri ahụ chetara na n'oge agha ahụ dị elu na 1944, agbapụ ahụ mere na pavil oyi nke Mosfilm. Ọ masịrị onyinye ọhụụ nke Pyriev, onye buru amụma mmeri ma jiri nlezianya mata ọganiihu ya.

Ihe odide nke Evgeny Samoilov na-arụ ọrụ wee bụrụ ndị na-enwu gbaa, nwee obi ike, ndị dị mma, na-ekwekọ. Ọ kacha nwee ihe ịga nke ọma n'ọrụ ndị agha. Dị ka ọ dịghị Samoilov ọ bụla maara ka esi ewepụta ikike dị n'ime ha, ike ha, ịhụ mba ha n'anya. Ọ rụrụ ụdị ọrụ a na fim:

  • Obi nke Anọ (1945);
  • "Ndị dike nke Shipka" (1955);
  • Oleko Dundich (1958);
  • Enchanted Desna (1964);
  • Waterloo (1970);
  • Ha lụrụ ọgụ maka ala nna ha (1975);
  • Agha na West (1990).

Na 1954, Evgeny Samoilov natara aha nke ndị mmadụ Artist nke RSFSR, afọ iri abụọ ka nke ahụ gasịrị - Ndị mmadụ Artist nke USSR. Enyere ya ihe nrite ọla edo edo edo na Golden Eagle, ihe onyinye Merit for the Fatherland, III na IV.

A na-akpọkarị onye omee ahụ na kọmitii nyocha nke ụlọ akwụkwọ ihe nkiri Shchepkin. Ọ nọgidere na-eme ihe ọbụna mgbe o mere agadi. Ihe nkiri vidio ikpeazụ ya bụ usoro telivishọn 2003 Onye Nzọpụta n'okpuru Birches. N'oge ezumike, Samoilov nwere mmasị n'ịgụ ihe, na-ege egwu oge gboo, na-arụkwa osisi.

The oké omee nwụrụ na February 17, 2006 na Moscow, na e liri ya na-eli ozu Vagankovskoye.

Ndụ onwe

Evgeny Samoilov biri afọ 62 na alụmdi na nwunye obi ụtọ na Zinaida Levina (1914-1994). Nwunye nke onye omee ahụ hapụrụ ọrụ injinia ọkụ wee raara onwe ya nye ezinụlọ. Ọ bụkwa onye okike, na-akpọ piano, na-enwe mmasị na ihe nkiri ma na-akwado di ya n'ọrụ ya siri ike.

Di na nwunye ahụ zụlitere ada ha bụ Tatyana (1934-2014) na nwa ha nwoke bụ Alexei (1945). Mụ ha ghọkwara ndị na-eme ihe nkiri. Tatyana Samoilova ghọrọ onye ama ama na-erughi nna ya a ma ama, na-egwuri egwu na fim "The Cranes Are Flying" na "Anna Karenina". Onyinye aha ndi mmadu nke ndi Russia. O gosiputara Evgeny Samoilov na nwa nwa Dmitry (1969), onye bi na oru na USA.

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Alexey Samoilov họọrọ ụzọ nke onye na-eme ihe nkiri, na-arụ ọrụ na Sovremennik na Maly Theater. Na mgbakwunye, a maara ya dị ka di mbụ nke onye ama ama ama ama na Tatyana Tarasova. Ọ bụ nwa nwoke ahụ kwadoro ma nyere Yevgeny Samoilov aka mgbe nwunye ya nwụsịrị. Naanị otu nwa nwanyị nke Alexei Samoilov, Natalie, họpụtakwara ọrụ okike, bụrụ onye nkatọ nka.

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